THE TEMPLO MAYOR MUSEUM – MEXICO CITY
Templo Mayor and its ceremonial center was the greatest architectural structure in the city of Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec Empire, located on the original islet of its foundation. It was a double temple, a pyramid with two stairways and an annex esplanade on each frontal corner of its base. On its top are the temples dedicated to Tlaloc, god of rain (north) and Huitzilopochtli, goddess of war (south). It is currently an archeological site and a museum dedicated to Mexico’s Prehispanic heritage.
This museum exhibits the more than 7,000 objects found in archaeological excavations of the Coyolxauhqui monolith that took place between 1978 and 1982 on the site of what was once the Main Temple of Mexica peoples. The museum recreates the duality of life and death, water and war, agriculture and tribute, symbols of Tlaloc and Huitzilopachtil, deities to whom the Main Temple of Tenochititlan was dedicated. The collection shows the political, military and aesthetic relevance of the city that dominated Mesoamerica before the Spaniards arrived. The Coyolxauhqui monolith discovery in 1978, enabled the archaeologists to find the exact place where the pyramid stood, since the Huitzilopochtli myth tells that he threw his sister down from Coatepec mountain.